What is a Work Permit and what are its main types?

If you want to work temporarily in the United States as a nonimmigrant, under United States immigration law you need a specific visa based on the type of work you are going to do. Most temporary worker categories require that your future employer or agent file a petition, which must be approved by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) in the United States before you can apply for a visa. job.

All visa applicants H, L, O, P and Q must have a petition in their name approved by USCIS. The petition, Form I-129, must be approved before you can apply for a work visa at the United States Embassy. When your request is approved, your employer or agent will receive a notification called Notice of Action, Form I-797, which is the notification of approval of your request.

You must present the receipt number of your I-129 petition to your interview at the Embassy in order to verify the approval of your request. Please note that the approval of a petition does not guarantee the issuance of a visa if you are found ineligible for a visa under United States immigration law.

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Types of work permits

To better understand the idea of ​​a work permit, we must better locate in what context we are using the term.

Work permit for a foreigner

On the one hand, it can be said that a work permit is necessary to be able to work legally in a country, which, by its laws, prohibits you from working in it without prior authorization, this is only necessary mainly if you are in quality of immigrant Normally, most countries request it, but the United States and Europe are in greater demand.

Work permit for minors

On the other hand, it is necessary to generate a work permit in case of being a minor and want to work in some country. The state, according to how the laws are stipulated, will explain in its Labor Law how the minor can opt for a job with prior permission and respecting a series of guidelines that will vary according to the country that is.

Work permit for a company

Entering deeper reasons, a work permit is necessary to enable a staff that must demonstrate training and proper management of a specific area and machinery, in order to work in a conditioned site, which deals with products that merit their knowledge and management, in addition to prior training to prevent risks in the safety of personnel, the area in which they work, the company and according to the magnitude, of the locality or area where the work is performed.

In many cases a work permit is also generated when a product is in an active state and it is impossible for all personnel to try to handle it, either because it represents a biological risk, it is a volatile or highly unstable product in its active state, or simply It has not yet been authorized by the State its prior manipulation without meeting the company requirements previously established in normal occupational safety.

But, once this product is considered inactive, the company or the same staff can request a work permit that authorizes and supports the labour safety of its handling to continue industrial or construction work.

How and where can I generate a work permit?

Now that we are clear about what type of permit we want, we proceed to know how and where a work permit can be generated.

If we talk about a work permit for a foreigner, it will be necessary to go to the immigration and immigration services of the country where you are and request the steps and requirements that you must follow and collect in order to apply for the work permit.

It should be borne in mind that it is impossible to give a standard list of requirements and collections, since this varies greatly from one country to another the documentation and indications that must be followed, so it is best to go to the nearest state departments and collect all relevant information.

On the other hand, when applying for a work permit for a minor, you must go to two departments of the state where all the list that must be collected will be granted, such as the Ministry of Labor and according to the country, To the organization that watches over the duties and rights of the child and adolescent, their name varies according to the country in which they reside.

Now, a special work permit to comply with a company’s safety regulations or to handle an active product as previously explained will be granted by:

  • The company in charge, if it has the staff capable of preparing and training new recruits trained to move, work and manipulate the asset taking care and maintaining job security.
  • The state that controls and monitors each company that they are capable of complying with labour standards and even more so when they handle products or work in areas considered both high risk.

Work permit for health

In some cases, it seeks to obtain and consign a work permit for presenting a health problem that compromises performance, integrity and well-being, since we all know that companies are somewhat rigid in order to grant these permits, which allow the employee to be absent until Improve your health condition.

It can be written by anyone, maintaining a formalism and explaining in detail. In all countries, this document must be backed up with a photocopy of an identity document, an act prepared by the doctor who has given the clinical evaluation if it is due to a health problem, duly signed, stamped and endorsed by the Ministry of Health.