Human rights

The following article is intended to point you to some basic but very important questions about human rights.

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What are human rights?

When speaking of human rights, reference is being made to the freedoms, powers and rights of which one is possessed by the mere fact of being a member of the human race. They are inherent, innate and inalienable rights so that no one, in any way, can take away from you regardless of any other factor in particular

What are the most important characteristics of human rights?

The main characteristics of Human Rights are:

  1. Irrevocability: Nobody can be abolished nobody
  2. Non-transferability: No one can assign them to another subject
  3. The inalienability: No one has permission to reject them
  4. The universality. They are for everyone without distinction
  5. Irreversibility and progressivity: Facing the evolution of peoples and emerging needs
  6. Indivisibility: Since all must be respected
  7. Non-negotiation: Not even by some authority
  8. The inviolability: Since they cannot be bypassed, destroyed, attacked or injured.
  9. The obligation: They must be respected even without legislation to respect it.

What document recognizes human rights?

Human Rights are currently enshrined in the legal systems of each of the countries on the planet, but all of them are based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the main ones being:

  1. Equality between men and women at birth and identical in rights
  2. The freedom that one and the other enjoy at birth
  3. The enjoyment of dignity
  4. Non-slavery
  5. Non-servitude
  6. No torture
  7. No inhuman and degrading, inhuman and cruel treatment

What human rights should be recognized in Colombia?

By constitutional mandate, the following rights must be recognized:

  1. Civil and political rights: To life, equality, freedom, peace and others.
  2. Economic, social and cultural rights: To health, to education, to housing together with others.
  3. Labor rights: To work, the free choice of profession, work or trade, among others.
  4. Rights of detainees and prisoners: To humane treatment and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human being.
  5. Rights in front of the administration: Due process, the Right of Petition and more.
  6. Rights in relation to the administration of justice: To be heard by the court, to be tried by an independent and impartial court.
  7. Rights of peoples and rights of victims of violations of fundamental rights.